Year 2

Mrs Sonko and Mrs Wood

Welcome to Year 2! Your child has now entered an important stage of their primary school experience: this is the year of the Key Stage 1 (KS1) end of year attainment tests known as SATS which mark the end of their KS1 journey. For many parents, this can feel like an emotional time, as their child prepares for their first formal testing and reaches the end of their stage as an infant. While you do need to be mindful of the end goal for this year, it is also important to see it for the wonderful year that it is.

The final year of KS1 will see your child being encouraged to work more independently. At this age, most children will have improved their ability to coordinate movement and their language/speech will be increasingly complex and grammatically correct, so it’s an exciting year for children, parents and teachers. This guide will help you to understand what your child will be learning and suggest helpful ways in which you can support them at home.

 What will my child do in Year 2?

Developing Literacy Skills

In English, the children will continue to work on the phonics they have learned in Year 1, aiming to read words by sight without having to sound them out individually. They will learn further spelling patterns and rules, and begin to apply those in their writing. They will look at the possessive apostrophe, homophones and near homophones and suffixes.

There will be a more detailed focus on handwriting, with children encouraged to form their letters correctly, learn which letters are to be joined and make letters a consistent size. Children will learn to write for a range of purposes including stories, poetry and real events.


Grammar is a hot topic in Year 2! Children this age are expected to understand the following terms, to be able to spot them in their reading and apply them in their writing:

Noun, adjective, adverb, suffix, subordination, noun phrase, past tense, present tense, statement, question, exclamation, command, capital letter, full stop, question mark, exclamation mark, compound sentence and expanded noun phrase.


Mathematics in Year 2 focuses on the 2, 5 and 10 times-tables. Children in Year 2 will learn to add and subtract with two-digit and one-digit numbers. They will learn multiplication and division facts for the 2, 5 and 10 times-tables. In fractions, they will find 1/3, 1/4 1/2 and 3/4 of a shape or a quantity of objects. They will study measures, including weight, capacity and length, and they will learn to tell the time to five minutes. They will also study properties of 2D and 3D shapes, as well as a range of data-handling methods such as bar charts and pictograms. By the end of Year 2, pupils will be expected to know the number bonds to 20 and be precise in using and understanding place value. The new curriculum ‘mastery’ style of teaching concentrates on breadth of knowledge and children will be encouraged to use their understanding of the new concepts to solve challenges to deepen their understanding.


Science in Year 2 is engaging and fun. Your child will learn about living things and their habitats, plants, animals (including humans) and uses of everyday materials. They will also learn how to work scientifically, how to observe closely, and how to record their observations.

What do the KS1 SATs entail?

At the end of Year 2, all pupils will take SATS in reading, SPAG (spelling, punctuation and grammar) and maths. In 2017, the SPAG paper was optional and schools decided whether to administer it or not.

The reading test is made up of two papers, each worth 50% of the marks. They are designed to take roughly 30 minutes, although the children won’t be strictly timed. The SPAG test consists of two papers; one is a spelling test of approximately 15 minutes and the other is another short paper which will focus on punctuation and grammar. Maths is also split into two papers. The first is arithmetic where the basic understanding of place value and number is tested. The second is reasoning, where your child will need to apply their problem solving and reasoning skills to show their understanding.


General reading and writing tips:

Reading is a really important skill which helps children to access all other areas of the curriculum. We suggest children try to read every night to help them become fluent readers and to develop their comprehension skills.

Encourage children to sound out unfamiliar words and discuss meanings of new words so vocabulary choices are extended. Help children to develop a love of reading by reading books to children, not just listening to them read. Everyone loves to hear a good story!


This term:

This term we will be focusing on addition, subtraction, multiplication and division word problems so that children are gaining a deeper understanding of all four operations. We will also be learning about measurement and telling the time.

We often teach maths in an interactive and practical way, solving puzzles, investigations and playing games. This helps to test the children’s knowledge in new contexts and to see if they can apply what they have learnt.

General maths tips:

Mental maths can be practiced with children anytime, anywhere – it’s amazing how much you can learn in a ten minute car journey! Help your child to really become secure with numbers to 100, such as asking them to tell you 1 less than or 1 more than a random number. Then, try 10 more or 10 less than a number. You could count on in 2s or 10s, or for a real challenge, count backwards!

Phonics/Reading Websites

Phonics sessions are taught four times a week to build upon the children’s phonics knowledge. Throughout the session we recap sounds taught, introduce new sounds and learn alternative spellings. We also look at our high frequency Year 1/2 words.

Phonics Play

Learning to read through phonics – information for parents

Religious Education

Our new Come and See topic during Lent is Opportunities. We will be starting our new topic by exploring choices we have made, why we made them and how they made us feel. As we journey through Lent children will be given opportunities to reflect on the opportunities Lent offers. We will also learn about the events leading up to Easter through a range of mediums including Drama, Art and Computing.


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