We aim to develop a life long love of books through a whole school approach to the teaching of reading. Children are taught reading through the Reciprocal Reading approach. Reciprocal Reading is an effective and proven four step approach to developing reading and comprehension.
In Foundation and Year 1 children are initially introduced to Reciprocal Reading through whole class story sessions on the carpet. During this time teachers use images to help highlight the four steps of Reciprocal Reading to the children. As children become more confident readers they begin to use the approach during whole class, guided and individual reading sessions.
When taking part in a Reciprocal Reading session children engage with the following four steps:
Step 1 – Predict
Use the story clues, illustrations and headings, predict what is going to happen next in the story or text.
I think… I bet… I wonder if…
I imagine… I predict…
Step 2 – Clarify
Clear up any parts of the story you found confusing.
- Find examples of good vocabulary and explain their meaning.
- Find examples of unfamiliar words and punctuation and explain their use or meaning. Children can then discuss word meanings with grownups or look up the word meaning in a dictionary.
Step 3 – Question
Ask questions to help understand and discuss what has been read.
- You should think of questions as you read the book.
- Use the following question words and phrases to help:
Who? What? Why? When? How?
Asking the reader to recall information stated in the text.
Asking the reader to decide their own opinion on whether or not they agree with the author’s ideas.
Asking the reader to “read between the lines” and answer.
Step 4 – Summarise
Summarise the main things that happened in your reading/story.
Use bullet points and as little words as possible to do this.
Use the following to create short summary sentences:
The main events were…
The problem/resolutions were…
The characters involved were…
The story was set…
The most important part to the story was…